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What Causes Cloudy Urine? How to Fix it?

cloudy-urine

Cloudy urine can be a sign of an unhealthy urinary tract. Although it does not imply a medical emergency, it can be a warning sign for an underlying medical problem.

Usually, urine is clear and slightly yellowish in color but if that is not the case a kidney problem, stone, or urinary tract infection might be the case. Cloudy urine can also be caused due to dehydration, sexually transmitted diseases, or diabetes mellitus.  

What does it mean when your urine is cloudy?

Urine in normal circumstances is clear and straw-yellow in color. Cloudy, turbid, or foamy urine refers to urine that does not have its usual clear appearance. Cloudy urine can affect people of all ages and populations, and it may or may not be accompanied by other symptoms such as a foul odor or burning when urinating.

Is cloudy Urine a Bad sign?

A spike in protein, crystalline particles, blood, pus, or other chemicals in your urine might cause cloudy urine. Cloudy urine is described in medical terms in a different way. They may use terms like milky, frothy, or turbid white urine, as well as the term albinuria [1] to describe the condition.

Vaginal discharge, if persistent, can affect the urine in women with vaginitis (such as yeast vaginitis or sexually transmitted infections), making the urine seem cloudy.

Other symptoms may accompany cloudy urine, depending on the underlying illness, ailment, or condition. The urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra), the reproductive system, the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system, and other organs and systems of the body can all cause illness.

What causes Cloudy urine?

Dehydration 

Dehydration, which occurs when you lose more water than you take in, is frequently the cause of dark, cloudy urine. Young children, older individuals, and people with chronic conditions are the most vulnerable, although anybody can be affected. In the mornings and after intensive exercise, many healthy individuals experience mild dehydration.

When you’re dehydrated, your body tries to conserve as much water as possible. Your urine will be very concentrated and seem darker than usual as a result of this.

Symptoms of significant dehydration can include dry mouth, cloudy urine, excessive thirst, confusion, and fatigue. Hospitalization is required in severe cases of dehydration or those that do not improve with at-home care.

Urinary tract infection

Cloudy urine is frequently caused by urinary tract infections (UTIs). Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can happen anywhere throughout the urinary tract. The urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys can all be affected.

Because women’s urethras are shorter and more easily infected by vaginal and fecal bacteria, UTIs are more common in women than in men. Common symptoms include frequent urination, pain while urinating, pelvic pain, fatigue, etc. 

UTIs are caused by bacteria that have grown out of control. To fight the illness, your body puts forth white blood cells. Urinary excretion of these cells is common. Urine becomes cloudy or milky when white blood cells mingle with it.

Vaginitis

A type of vaginitis can sometimes cause cloudy urine. Vaginitis is a vaginal illness that includes yeast infection caused by bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis. Bacterial vaginosis and other infections are caused by a high number of bacteria, fungus, or other micro-organisms.

In a healthy vagina, a careful balance of beneficial bacteria is generally maintained. This equilibrium, however, can be lost in certain conditions. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an overgrowth of unhealthy bacteria and a change in vaginal chemistry caused by this imbalance.

When white blood cells or discharge mingle with your urine, it produces vaginitis, which results in cloudy urine. Treatments for vaginitis vary depending on the source of the illness. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. Antifungal medicines are used to treat vaginal yeast infections.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are aberrant mineral and salt deposits that occur in the urinary tract. They can grow to be quite huge and cause a lot of discomforts.

Kidney stones can sometimes become stuck within your urinary tract, causing infection and obstructions. Cloudy urine could indicate that you have a kidney stone or that you have an infection caused by a kidney stone.

Kidney stones can cause severe back pain, pelvic pain, and difficult urination, among other symptoms.The majority of kidney stones pass on their own without the need for therapy. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication to help you relax as you attempt to remove the stone from your body (by drinking lots of fluids).

Sexually transmitted infections

Infections that can be communicated from one person to another during sexual contact are known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). White blood cells respond to the infection site, just as they do with other infections (vaginitis and UTIs). 

These white blood cells might combine with urine and cause it to seem hazy. In addition to abnormal vaginal or penile discharge, STIs can induce abnormal vaginal or penile discharge. Urine might mix with discharge and become hazy when it exits the urethra.

The most common treatment option is antibiotics. Untreated STIs in women can result in reproductive issues, significant pelvic infections, and pregnancy complications. STIs in males can lead to infections of the prostate and other reproductive organs.

When Should You See a Doctor?

If you have cloudy urine that lasts more than a few days, you should contact your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment, particularly if you have other symptoms.

Call your doctor right away if cloudy urine is followed by intense discomfort and/or blood. Blood in your urine for any reason, as well as any irregular urine color that isn’t explained by prescription or diet, should always be checked out by your doctor.

To figure out what’s causing your cloudy urine, your doctor may perform a urinalysis, urine culture, imaging, or other tests.

Takeaway

Cloudy urine can be caused by a variety of illnesses, including urinary tract infections (UTIs) and mild dehydration. To avoid problems, early identification and treatment are critical in cases where other symptoms emerge. Make a list of any other symptoms you notice and tell your doctor about them. This could help identify the diagnosis and treatment options. Most people can clear up the underlying reason for hazy urine by working with a doctor and following their instructions.

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