Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment


Dehydration is said to occur when there is a loss of liquids from our body is more than intake.

There should be an input-output process, which unfortunately doesn’t happen in dehydration. Without an adequate amount of water in our body, our body does not function properly.c

 This illness may or may not show dehydration symptoms, depending upon the age. Yet, we do have a checklist of dehydration signs and symptoms, along with the treatment one should always look for.


Dehydration is caused by less amount of water intake. It might be due to fasting, busy workload, and or even inaccessibility to safe and clean water. Excessive strenuous activities performed by the body and providing limited water intake could also lead a person to dehydration.

Causes for dehydration

1) Weather

During hot weather, our body sweats more to maintain homeostasis. Excessive sweats lead to a decrease in the water levels of the body. Thus, people need to drink enough water and other liquids to prevent dehydration.

2) Vomiting

Continuous vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration. In both conditions, water is thrown out of the body. Various electrolytes are also lost during the process.

They are used for various metabolic processes and muscle-controlling functions of the body. The more the delay in treating the vomits and diarrhea, the more severe the dehydration could be.

3) Excessive urination

An intake of 8 glasses of water is a must. It helps in proper urination. But, if there is a correct urinating cycle, water intake should be enough.

Less amount of water consumed by the body might lead to dehydration. Diabetics are one of the groups having frequent urination and requiring sufficient water intake.

4) Fever

Fever is one of the common symptoms of illness. In fever, the body loses water through the skin to maintain the outer body temperature. It could also lead to sweat during fever.

Such sweats lead to a loss of water, causing dehydration.

Learn More: Dehydration in Kids

Dehydration Symptoms

Signs and symptoms work as indicators for a disease or illness. They are the evidence for acknowledging whether the person is having a specific disease or not.

There are three types of dehydration: mild, moderate, and severe. Let’s look down for the signs some could face.

If someone facing mild to moderate dehydration would face the following signs:

If someone faces moderate to severe dehydration goes through these signs:

  • Excessive thirst quench
  • Dark urine
  • Blood pressure
  • Sunken eyes and cheeks
  • Sunken soft spot on the skull 
  • Shrivelled skin
  • Rapid heart rates
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sleeping issues
  • Faints 
  • Lack in sweat production, etc

Dehydration Treatment

Every disease has a treatment. Dehydration only in certain cases is severe and requires medical assistance. Rehydration is the only way to cure dehydration at any point. There are several ways of rehydration. Treatments can make the person healthy within 2-3 days in mild to moderate cases.

Homely treatments could cure the person’s health if given in the right direction. 

1. Rehydration: the volume of liquids lost should be rejuvenated back by the body. Adequate amounts of water are to be consumed by the person. It should be consumed in fewer amounts and at a repetitive frequency. This will help the body accept the water, without throwing it out.

Check Out: How to Rehydrate Quickly

2. Electrolyte: a homemade or store-bought Oral rehydration solution packet should be consumed by the person.

It contains a specified amount of salt, sugar, and electrolytes such as zinc and other minerals. During dehydration, whatever mineral loss has taken place in the body is replenished back with the help of the drink. Water is added to this solution and is given at frequent intervals in small quantities.

Also Know: Healthiest Electrolyte Drinks

3. Intravenous supply: Those who suffer severe dehydration are admitted to the hospital. They are supported by the aid of intravenous supply.

It contains glucose, salt, and other electrolytes along with a liquid. Such a condition comes into the picture when the body does not accept water via enteral feeding. 

4. Restoring foods: there are a few foods that help in water retention and cooling the body. Citrus fruits like lemon or orange, milk products like curd, and buttermilk, are super cooling foods.

High water-containing foods such as watermelon and cucumber also help relieve the dehydration symptoms. Coconut water is an amazing drink with a good amount of electrolytes and water.

Know More: What is Chronic Dehydration?

Final words

Water loss may lead to dehydration in a person’s body. Dehydration causes vary from person to person. The dehydration signs and symptoms will also vary according to the cause.

Dehydration symptoms are essential to identify the illness. They help us know what treatment should be given to the person. The ideal treatment will help the person get well soon.

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