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Hydration

Am I Dehydrated? The Possible Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

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Imagine a day without water and working at the same time. You might fall dehydrated. Dehydration is said to occur when there is a loss of liquids from our body, which has not been replenished yet. 

There should be an input-output process, which unfortunately doesn’t happen in dehydration. Without an adequate amount of water in our body, our body does not function properly.

 This illness may or may not show dehydration symptoms, depending upon the age. Yet, we do have a checklist of dehydration signs and symptoms, along with its treatment one should always look for.

Dehydration is caused by less amount of water intake. It might be due to fasting, or busy workload, and or even inaccessibility to safe and clean water. Excessive strenuous activities performed by the body and providing a limited water intake could also lead a person to dehydration.

There are various causes for dehydration:

  • Weather: during hot weather, our body sweats more to maintain homeostasis. Excessive sweats lead to a decrease in the water levels of the body. Thus, people need to drink enough water and other liquids to prevent dehydration.
  • Vomiting: continuous vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration. In both conditions, water is thrown out of the body. Various electrolytes are also lost during the process. They are used for various metabolic processes and muscle controlling functions of the body. The more the delay in treating the vomits and diarrhea, the more severe the dehydration could be.
  • Excessive urination: an intake of 8 – 10 glasses is a must. It helps in proper urination. But, if there is a correct urinating cycle, water intake should be enough. Less amount of water consumed by the body might lead to dehydration. Diabetics are one of the groups having frequent urination and requiring sufficient water intake.
  • Fever: Fever is one of the common symptoms of illness. In fever, the body loses water through the skin to maintain the outer body temperature. It could also lead to sweat during fever. Such sweats lead to a loss of water, causing dehydration.

Dehydration Signs

Signs and symptoms work as indicators for a disease or illness. They are the evidence for acknowledging whether the person is having a specific disease or not.

There are three types of dehydration: mild, moderate, and severe. Let’s look down for the signs some could face.

Someone facing mild to moderate dehydration would face the following signs.

  • Increase in thirst
  • Fatigues
  • Less tear production
  • Decreased urination
  • Dry skin
  • Lightheadedness
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness, etc.

Someone, who faces moderate to severe signs, goes through these.

  • Excessive thirst quench
  • Dark urine
  • Low blood pressure
  • Sunken eyes and cheeks
  • Sunken soft spot on the skull 
  • Shriveled skin
  • Rapid heart rates
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sleeping issues
  • Faints 
  • Lack in sweat production, etc

Dehydration Symptoms:

As dehydration ranges from mild to severe, dehydration symptoms vary at ages. We did look earlier that symptoms may or may not be seen. It is generally the older adults who do not show symptoms at times. 

Infants and children:

  • Irritability
  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • Diapers dry for a long time
  • Sunken eyes and cheeks
  • Sunken soft spot on the skull 
  • Not tears when crying

Adults:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Dark color urine
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Less urination
  • Fatigueness, etc.

Dehydration treatment

Every disease has a treatment. Dehydration only in certain cases is severe and requires medical assistance. Rehydration is the only way to cure dehydration at any point. There are several ways of rehydration. Treatments can make the person healthy within 2-3 days in mild to moderate cases.

Homely treatments could cure the person’s health if given in the right direction. 

1. Rehydration: the volume of liquids lost should be rejuvenated back by the body. Adequate amounts of water are to be consumed by the person. It should be consumed in fewer amounts and at a repetitive frequency. This will help the body accept the water, without throwing it out.

2. Electrolyte: a homemade or store-bought Oral rehydration solution packet should be consumed by the person. It contains a specified amount of salt, sugar, and electrolytes such as zinc and other minerals. During dehydration, whatever mineral loss has taken place in the body is replenished back with the help of the drink. Water is added to this solution and is given at frequent intervals in small quantities.

3. Intravenous supply: those who suffer severe dehydration are admitted to the hospital. They are supported by the aid of intravenous supply. It contains glucose, salt, and other electrolytes along with a liquid. Such a condition comes into the picture when the body does not accept water via enteral feeding. 

4. Restoring foods: there are a few foods that help in water retention and cooling the body. Citrus fruits like lemon or orange, milk products like curd, and buttermilk, are super cooling foods. High water-containing foods such as watermelon and cucumber also help relieve the dehydration symptoms. Coconut water is an amazing drink with a good amount of electrolytes and water.

Final words:

water loss may lead to dehydration in a person’s body. Dehydration causes vary from person to person. The dehydration signs and symptoms will also vary according to the cause. Dehydration symptoms are essential to identify the illness. They help us know what treatment should be given to the person. The ideal treatment will help the person get well soon.

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